Posts Tagged ‘Atomics’

Synchronisation in .NET– Part 4: Partitioned Data Structures

January 5, 2014 5 comments

In this final instalment of the synchronisation series, we will look at fully scalable solutions to the problem first stated in Part 1 – adding monitoring that is scalable and minimally intrusive.

Thus far, we have seen how there is an upper limit on how fast you can access cache lines shared between multiple cores. We have tried different synchronisation primitives to get the best possible scale.

Throughput this series, Henk van der Valk has generously lent me his 4 socket machine and been my trusted lab manager and reviewer. Without his help, this blog series would not have been possible.

And now, as is tradition, we are going to show you how to make this thing scale.

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Synchronisation in .NET– Part 3: Spin Locks and Interlocks/Atomics

January 4, 2014 2 comments

In the previous instalments (Part 1 and Part 2) of this series, we have drawn some conclusions about both .NET itself and CPU architectures. Here is what we know so far:

  • When there is contention on a single cache line, the lock() method scales very poorly and you get negative scale the moment you leave a single CPU core.
  • The scale takes a further dip once you leave a single CPU socket
  • Even when we remove the lock() and do thread unsafe operations, scalability is still poor
  • Going from a class to a padded struct gives a scale boost, though not enough to get linear scale
  • The maximum theoretical scale we can get with the current technique is around 90K operations/ms.

In this blog entry, I will explore other synchronisation primitives to make the implementation safe again, namely the spinlock and Interlocks. As a reminder, we are still running the test on a 4 socket machine with 8 cores on each socket with hyper threading enabled (for a total of 16 logical cores on each socket).

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